Analysis of animal ecological and social networks with programmable sensor nodes

Natural behaviour of animals takes place in complex environments, allowing for a wealth of social and ecological interactions. While laboratory studies have been extremely useful to identify individual mechanisms of behaviour, the functioning of such behaviour in natural environments is still only poorly understood. Efficient means of animal monitoring in the wild as well as tools for modelling complex systems are required for a deeper understanding of phenomena such as spatial cognition, optimal foraging, social behaviour and learning, or multi-species interactions. Current telemetric approaches to animal monitoring are often limited by the range and bandwidth of radio-transmission, especially in large, subterranean, or under-water environments.

In this interdisciplinary project (in cooperation with the Department of Zoology at Tübingen University), we develop a novel system for animal surveillance in the wild, using tiny sensor node technology. Programmable sensor nodes with a multitude of sensing capabilities attached to the animals will record data such as motion, vocalizations, and body temperature of the carrier. Upon encounter of another animal, sensor nodes interact, exchange and aggregate data on the time and participants of the meeting. Stationary base nodes at occasionally visited, but easily accessible locations will be used to collect the animal data for further analysis, including trajectory reconstruction, daily activity profiles, and interaction graphs.

The challenges in terms of communication are the sporadic general connectivity and the lack of continous end-to-end connections due to the subterranean environment and limited size and carrying capacities of the animals under research. Sophisticated delay tolerant networking schemes have to be devised to meet these challenges.



Jó Agila Bitsch Link, Thomas Bretgeld, André Goliath, and Klaus Wehrle
Proceedings of the 9th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN 2010), Stockholm, Swedenof IPSN '10, page 432--433.
Publisher: ACM, New York City, NY, USA
April 2010
ISBN: 978-1-60558-988-6
Proceedings of the Second IEEE International Workshop on Information Quality and Quality of Service for Pervasive Computing (IQ2S 2010), Mannheim, Germany, page 56 -- 61.
Publisher: IEEE, New York City, NY, USA
March 2010
ISBN: 978-1-4244-6605-4
Johannes Thiele, Jó Agila Bitsch Link, Okuary Osechas, Hanspeter Mallot, and Klaus Wehrle
Chapter 32, page 629--644.
Publisher: InTech, Vienna, Austria
January 2010
ISBN: 978-953-7619-57-2
Proceedings of the 1st ACM workshop on User-provided networking: challenges and opportunities, Rome, Italyof U-NET '09, page 13--18.
Publisher: ACM, New York City, NY, USA
December 2009
ISBN: 978-1-60558-750-9
Proceedings of the 6th Annual International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems (MobiQuitous 2009), Toronto, ON, Canada, page 1--2.
Publisher: IEEE, New York City, NY, USA
July 2009
ISBN: 978-963-9799-59-2
Johannes Thiele, Okuary Osechas, Jó Agila Bitsch Link, and Klaus Wehrle
Proceedings of IEEE Sensors 2008, Lecce, Italy, page 709 -- 711.
Publisher: IEEE, New York City, NY, USA
October 2008
ISBN: 978-1-4244-2580-8
Okuary Osechas, Johannes Thiele, Jó Agila Bitsch Link, and Klaus Wehrle
Proceedings of the 30th Annual International IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Vancouver, BC, Canada, page 538--541.
Publisher: The Printing House, Stoughton, WI, USA
August 2008
ISBN: 978-1-4244-1814-5
Jó Agila Bitsch Link, Klaus Wehrle, Okuary Osechas, and Johannes Thiele
ACM SIGCOMM 2008 Poster Proceedings, Seattle, WA, USA, page 467--468.
Publisher: ACM, New York City, NY, USA
August 2008
ISBN: 978-1-60558-175-0
Jó Agila Bitsch Link, Klaus Wehrle, Okuary Osechas, Johannes Thiele, and Hanspeter Mallot
6th GI/ITG KuVS Fachgespräch "Wireless Sensor Networks", Aachen, Germany Volume 2007-11of AIB, page 95 -- 97.
GI/ITG Fachgruppe "Kommunikation und Verteilte Systeme"
Publisher: RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
July 2007
Olaf Landsiedel, Jó Agila Bitsch Link, Klaus Wehrle, Johannes Thiele, and Hanspeter Mallot
ACM Workshop on Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks (RealWSN) in conjunction with ACM MobiSys, Uppsala, Sweden Volume 1, page 1--2.
Publisher: SICS, Uppsala, Sweden
June 2006
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